Causes of Male Infertility

Male Infertility Causes

Male infertility has many causes. It can be caused by hormonal imbalances, physical problems to psychological and behavioural problems. Men who have a relatively healthy lifestyle will more than likely produce healthy sperm. However, some of the following can have a negative impact on male fertility:

  • Smoking significantly decreases sperm count and sperm cell mobility
  • Regular use of recreational drugs
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Steroid use (Can cause testicles to shrink and infertility)
  • High intensity exercise over a prolonged period of time
  • Low levels of Vitamin C and Zinc in the diet
  • Tight underwear; increases scrotal temperature which leads to decreased sperm production
  • Stress
  • Malnutrition

A small percentage of male infertility is caused by hormonal problems. Here are just couple of hormonal disorders which can disrupt a male’s fertility.

  • Hyperprolactinemia
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
  • Hypogonadotropic Hypopituitarism

Physical problems can also be a cause of male infertility. These can either interfere with sperm production process or interrupt the pathway where the sperm travel down.

  • Variocoeles is an enlargement of the internal spermatic veins that drain blood from the testicles and abdomen. This can cause abnormal sperm and also reduce sperm count
  • Damaged Sperm Ducts can affect the pathway that the sperm travel down from the testicles. It can cause a block which prevent the sperm from travelling the correct route
  • Infection and disease can also play a huge part in male infertility and can cause low sperm count and low mobility.

If you are experiencing any of the above, then contact your GP for further assistance.