The role of the placenta during pregnancy

The role of the placenta during pregnancy

The placenta and its health are vital to the health of a woman’s pregnancy and foetal development. This organ provides oxygen, nutrients during pregnancy, and filters foetal waste.

It also plays an important role in hormone production and it protects the foetus from bacteria and infections. The blood-rich placenta is joined to the uterine wall and connects to the baby by way of the umbilical cord. Most often, the placenta attaches itself to the top or side of the uterine wall. At times, however, it may grow or attach to the uterus in a way that can cause health problems.

Risk factors for placental disorders

Many factors influence the health of the placenta, including:

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Understand Your Menstrual Cycle

Understand Your Menstrual Cycle

When you know your menstrual cycle, you improve your chances of becoming pregnant. The first phase starts with the first day of bleeding during your period. Your body releases hormones, such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), that make the eggs inside your ovaries grow. Between days 2 and 14, those hormones also help thicken the lining of your uterus to get ready for a fertilised egg. This is called the follicular stage.

What Happens During Ovulation

The average menstrual cycle is 28 to 35 days. Ovulation usually happens between days 11 and 21 of your cycle. A hormone called luteinizing hormone (LH) surges, triggering the release of the egg that’s most ripe. At the same time, your cervical mucus becomes more slippery to help sperm make their way to the egg.

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